swiper-arrow-left swiper-arrow-right location twitter link search translate arrow network telephone mail prospectus uniform admissions results

St John's Catholic

Primary School

In God's Love We Shine Together



St John's Catholic

Primary School

In God's Love We Shine Together

Contact Us

Contact Details


Phonics Guidance for Parents


Set 2 and Set 3 Speed Sounds Year 1 and Year 2. The set 2 sounds are primarily taught at the end of Reception, and then Set 3 sounds are taught in Year 1 and Year 2.

By the end of Year 1, pupils are expected to recognise all Set 1, Set 2 and Set 3 sounds by sight.


Before your son/daughter can start to read, s/he needs to learn to:

• Say the sound that is represented by each letter or groups of letters. These are called ‘speed sounds’.

• Know how to blend the sounds together in a word to read it e.g. s-t-r-ee-t = street; p-l-ay = play. This is called ‘sound-blending’.


What are Speed Sounds?


In phonics the individual sounds are called ‘speed sounds’. This is because we want your son/daughter to read them effortlessly. In Nursery and Reception, your son/daughter will learn to read the Set 1 sounds by sight. They will also learn how to blend them together to read words e.g. c-a-t = cat. In Year 1 and Year 2, they will then move onto learning to Set 2 and Set 3 sounds.


To begin phonics, we learn a sound a day. We use pure sounds so that your son/daughter will be able to blend the sounds into words more easily.


Sound pictures are used to help your son/daughter learn these sounds quickly. Each sound is also accompanied by a rhyme to help them remember the sound and remind them of the correct spelling.